Geronimo, an Apache chief born in Arizona, became famous in the late 19th century for his impressive resistance to forced reservation life. When the United States government attempted to move the Chiricahua Apache people to San Carlos Reservation from their traditional home, Geronimo began a series of periodic raids on white settlements that lasted ten years. He escaped from federal authority several times, but in September 1886 he surrendered for the last time. Federal troops then moved the Apache and many other tribes to Oklahoma Territory. Geronimo died in 1909 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, three years after he published his memoirs.